Two Countries - One River
The St. Croix River is recognized as representative of the region's geology, its rare plant species, its bald eagle and osprey habitat, and its significant fossil deposits. Our River is culturally, economically, and historically, and significant to the Canadian and American communities and one of the most beautiful recreational areas.
For thousands of years the Peskotomuhkati Nation and other First Peoples have lived along the river, and it is the site of the first European settlement in North America, north of Florida, established in 1604 on St. Croix Island / Ile de St. Croix (at the mouth of the river) by Samuel de Champlain.
Economically, the River is associated with the 19th and early 20th century lumber industry, other industries such as tanneries and cotton mills, and the development of the railways in the region. The St. Croix River is known and loved as an easily accessible backcountry recreational experience for paddlers and fishermen of all abilities. Campsites are found all along the length of the river.
The St. Croix International Waterway Commission was established in the late 1980's through. legislation and a memorandum of understanding between the Province of New Brunswick and the State of Maine. Thereafter, the SCIWC provides co-operative management of the unique, distinctive and beautiful St. Croix Heritage River acting as a natural border between Canada and the United States.